Sunday, December 31, 2006

Ichiro Sato Tessen – Painting & Kendo

“I’m not a zen artist, however I use the training method of zen to create my work. The focus of my paintings is “the Line”. Traditionally, zen uses practices such as discipline and concentration to realize the quality of “the Line”. Although this is also the goal I pursue, I consider myself to be just an artist in his quest for inner truth.

By ridding myself of all conscious effort to draw, I acquire the freedom to release lines with energy, speed, continuity and rhythm. “The Line” therefore comes alive with reflections of personal experience.

The inner image, expressed subconsciously, is transferred upon the viewer and I believe that the successful unification of nature and the artist as well as the audience is possible.”

Talking to us is Ichiro Sato Tessen, a Japanese artist living and working in Brussels. A painter and calligraphist, he also teaches these arts and organises exhibitions. He was born in 1947 in Tokyo and has lived for over 30 years in Europe; the last 15 in Brussels.

His paintings are really exceptional: the more you look at them the more you can find something new and fascinating.

Tessen practices kendo and iaido in the Butokukan dojo in Brussels. I recently met him to discuss the relationship between painting and kendo. We ended up talking the whole afternoon and evening about arts, kendo, dualism, training, personal development, Musashi, and much more. What follows are a few highlights of the conversation.

What are the similarities between painting and kendo? What is the goal?

T: In his later years Musashi, the best known swordsman in the Japanese history, focused in more peaceful arts, namely in painting and in sculpture. All arts, including martial arts, from a certain level onwards are based on zen buddhism. All of them – martial arts, painting, sculputure, etc – are striving for the same target: finding oneself, inner peace, harmony, balance. In the end kendo is also about the same thing. Victory is not the goal.

If you are thinking about attacking in the geiko in kendo, your opponent can feel it and therefore can react to it easily. It’s very difficult, if not impossible, to ‘win’ from a person who has found himself because his mind is empty. In order to reach such a state of mind and being, one must go through the spiritual path. Once an artist has reached this, a painter for example, then art manifests by itself without conscious effort.

A good master can only show direction. You cannot transmit experience itself to others. Everyone has to learn through their own experience.

The initial meaning of the word “Dojo”, the place where we practice, was “temple”. “Do” means way -- as in the word kendo, while “jo” means place. Thus, a dojo is a place where we practice the way. Therefore, when we enter the dojo we bow to show respect. If we compare to Western countries a similar place would be a church. We also bow to our opponents as they are also in this same place learning the way together with us.

You are teaching painting with Chinese ink to Belgians. Do you think that teaching kendo and calligraphy to Occidentals is similar?

T: There are a lot of similarities teaching and learning kendo and calligraphy. In both them the students need patience, persistence and determination.

To teach the students to draw a line with a brush is very similar as teaching suburi in kendo. The strike with a brush is done in one phase, similar to a cut with the sword. Initially it takes a long time for the student to understand this and be able to do it. You can explain and show it so many times, and still the students are not able to see or do it. Of course when you break the movement to two or three phases, it’s easier to understand. But the movement is not about that! In kendo the challenges are very similar.

Belgians want to know if something is right or good, but when they ask such questions, it shows that they are missing the point. It’s very challenging to teach because the obstacle is in the basis of understanding and looking at the world.

Could you explain more about that?

T: The occidental culture and Christianity are based on dualism whereas in Japan everything is relative. This very fundamental difference is reflected in everything. For us the same thing can be good and bad, or black and white and so on, it all depends. In the Western countries things are either good or bad; black or white.

For example, when someone wins kendo championships this can be good and bad. It depends on how the “champion” takes it further. If he becomes proud, then it’s bad. If he starts to practice more for better understanding and improve him/herself, it’s good. But even then, if he then neglects other domains in his life, then maybe the victory was bad. And we can go on and on like this. There is no absolute good and bad. If you take this kind of thinking further then winning and loosing do not exist at all. This kind of relativity is part of life in the oriental cultures.

Could you tell me about your painting?

T: As I said, from a certain level onwards, painting and all arts are about spiritual learning.

If I copy something, it is not coming from inside of me. For example if I try to draw a similar line I just did a moment ago, it will not be good because I’m thinking about this other line. When the moment is right and the mind is empty, my hand moves by itself without effort. In these kind of moments I don’t know in advance how the painting will be. I’m one with the brush.

I can make paintings that are technically good, even if my mind is not empty, because I master the technique. But this kind of work is not from “me”. People who are at the same level can feel and see the difference between this kind of technical paintings and the ones that really are from “me”.

To my understanding in kendo it is about the same thing. I’m not at a high level in kendo, so I cannot speak about experience. My understanding is coming from the painting and studying masters.

In conclusion: the most important is to find harmony, peace and balance in oneself and in everything

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